Tyrrell Racing Organisation founded by Ken Tyrrell won the Constructors’ Championship and had Jackie Stewart as the three time winner of the World Drivers’ Championship in the 1970’s.
Formed in 1958, the team took part in lower Formula races and saw the likes of John Surtees and Jacky Ickx honing their driving skills with the team. Ken Tyrrell realised his F1 dream in 1968 when Elf and Ford came forward with their support for him. A joint venture between French auto manufacturer Matra and Tyrrell had Ken Tyrrell managing his own F1 team.
The very first season of 1968 proved to be successful and the awe inspiring design of the fuel tank which was aerodynamically structured drew flak from the FIA, rendered unsafe and was banned in the 1970 season. The team still managed to register themselves second in the constructors’ competition.
The 1969 season was a fantastic achievement for this one-yr old team. With Jackie Stewart winning the title with the Matra engines and the team clinching the World Drivers’ Championship title with 66 points, the season was simply spectacular for Tyrrell.
Due to complications in sponsorship in 1970, Tyrrell had to race the March 701 engines while Ken Tyrrell secretly worked on an in-house car with Derek Gardner. Jackie Stewart, although unhappy with the March engines managed to drive the team into points and helped them stage a third place in the constructors’ run.
At the end of 1970, the Tyrrell 001 was introduced and it impressed with a pole position for Stewart in the Canadian GP but failed thereafter. In 1971, the Tyrrell 003 was introduced and combined with Stewart’s excellence and its own mean machinery; the team brought home the Drivers’ title and also won the Constructors’ Championship.
The following season, they were second in the constructors’ run only because their lead driver, Stewart, was ill with a stomach ulcer and in 1973, ill-luck struck when Stewart’s French teammate Cevert died in the US Grand Prix’s practice session. Stewart had already announced his decision to retire after the season and the year ended with the team second behind Lotus in the World Constructors’ Championship.
With the likes of Jody Scheckter and Patrick Depailler taking to the wheel, Tyrrell saw sunny days once again and won third place in the 1974 and the 1976 Constructors’ standings. They drove the unique six-wheeler P34 car which was revolutionary in terms of design.
The 80’s and the 90’s did not prove to be much fruitful for the Tyrrell Racing Organisation who had by now given F1 greats like Ronnie Peterson, Didier Pironi and Jean Alesi at this level of racing. The team saw its last in the 1998 edition of the Formula One World Championship.
Tyrrell is one of the teams with a long association with the pinnacle of motorsports. In its 31 years, it has tasted success and dealt with tough situations, to carve a niche for itself.